If you are a novice driver, there are many G1 licence restrictions and rules you will need to follow before getting your driver’s licence. However, one must first understand the legal requirements and graduated licensing system before getting behind the wheel. We’ve done a deep dive into this information to make it easier for you; here’s what you need to know about the Class G1 licence in Ontario:
What is a Class G1 licence?
Ontario follows a graduated licensing system so that new drivers have adequate time to gain their skills and experience gradually. New drivers applying for their first car or motorcycle licence enter Ontario’s graduated licensing system: G1, G2 and G (fully-licensed). Graduated licensing lets new drivers get driving experience and skills gradually, with the two-step licensing process taking at least 20 months to complete. A G1 licence is Step One of this process, which is a written test of road rules and traffic signs.
What are the G1 driving requirements in Ontario?
To apply for a driver’s licence, one must be at least 16 years old, pass a vision test and pass a written test of your knowledge of the rules of the road and traffic signs. Ontario’s Official MTO Driver’s Handbook (which can be previewed here), will help you prepare for your written knowledge test. It covers rules of the road and practical driving tips, and it can be purchased for $14.95+HST at a DriveTest centre, many retail stores or online through ServiceOntario.
Once you pass the written test, you will enter the first level and obtain your Class G1 licence as a beginner driver.
If you’ve passed the G1 test, you must wait 12 months to then take your G2 driving test. If you attend a ministry-approved driving school with your G1 licence, you will only have to wait eight months to take your G2 test. You must pass two road tests to achieve a full G licence.
How do I apply for a G1 licence?
In order to apply for an Ontario licence, you must present two pieces of original identification that provide proof of your legal name, date of birth and signature. Documents must be original and valid, meaning photocopies and expired documents are not acceptable. These documents may include a passport, Canadian Citizenship Card, Ontario Photo Card or Secure Certificate of Indian Status Card. For the full list, visit ontario.ca
You are required to bring these documents, as well money for test fees and glasses/contact lenses (if you require them to drive) to your nearest DriveTest Centre. You can find the nearest centre and hours of operation at drivetest.ca.
For further details on applying for a licence, visit the Ministry of Transportation website.
What fees are associated with my G1 test?
When at the centre, you must pay a $159.75 fee when you apply, which includes the cost of the knowledge test, your first G2 road test and a five-year licensing fee. There are more charges for your second road test and for any retests you may need to take, which can be found at drivetest.ca/fees.
What types of questions will they ask on my G1 test?
The G1 written test will test your knowledge based on the rules and traffic signs that can be found inside the Official MTO Driver’s Handbook. This handbook will give you the information you need to pass your tests and to keep your driving privileges once you obtain your licence. The written test may ask you about:
- Traffic signs and lights
- Emergency vehicles
- How to use headlights
- Speed limits
- Getting on or off a freeway
- What drivers must do when they meet streetcars and school buses
- Driver’s licence suspensions
- The demerit point system
- Passing other vehicles
- Collision reporting
- Sharing the road with other road users
- Rules of the road
What are the G1 licence restrictions in Ontario?
Although you’ve completed Step One of this two-step process, there are many G1 driving restrictions at this level, including:
- You are not allowed to drive alone in the vehicle at any time. According to ontario.ca, “Level One of graduated licensing holders may drive Class G vehicles with an accompanying fully-licensed driver with at least four years driving experience. Subject to certain conditions.” Only this individual is allowed to sit in the front seat with you, with a blood-alcohol level of less than .05%. The accompanying driver’s licence may have demerit points, but it cannot be suspended.
- Your blood-alcohol level must be zero.
- Each person in the vehicle must have a working seatbelt.
- You are not required to drive on ANY 400-series highways with a posted speed limit over 80 km/h. Also, you must not drive on certain high-speed roads, which includes the Queen Elizabeth Way, Don Valley Parkway and the Gardiner Expressway in the Greater Toronto Area, the E.C. Row Expressway in Windsor and the Conestoga Parkway in Kitchener-Waterloo. However, if your accompanying driver is a driving instructor, you may drive on any road.
- You cannot drive between midnight and 5 a.m.
Additional G1 licensing notes:
To drive in this province, visitors to Ontario must be at least 16 years old and have a valid driver’s licence from their own province, state or country. If visiting Ontario for more than three months, they will need an International Driver’s Permit from their own country. New residents in Ontario with a valid driver’s licence from another province, state or country can use it for 60 days after moving to Ontario. If you become a permanent resident of Ontario, you must obtain an Ontario driver’s licence.
Once you’ve obtained your G1 licence, you will have up to five years to finish the whole graduated licensing process. If you do not get your full G licence after five years, you will need to start over from the beginning. If you have any insurance questions regarding a G1 driver in your family, please contact your isure broker today.
For more information on applying for your G1 licence, visit ontario.ca.