As we all know, highways should be the quicker way to get where we’re going in comparison to city streets. Unfortunately, with the rising emergence of drivers onto our roads each year, highway driving doesn’t seem that much more convenient. While the introduction of HOV lanes helps you to get to your destination faster, you’ll need to be traveling with others in the car to enjoy it. Additionally, the introduction of the 407 toll highway allows drivers the freedom of wide, open lanes. However, many find the cost of the transponder to be prohibitive. So, what’s the solution? Let’s discuss HOT lanes and how they may be able to improve your travel time without breaking the bank.
What are HOT lanes?
On September 15, 2016, the Government of Ontario designated the High Occupancy Vehicle lanes, or HOV lanes, on various 400-Series highways to test a new way to improve traffic flow. High Occupancy Toll lanes (HOT) are similar to HOV lanes (or carpool lanes). However, they allow for people who drive alone to also use the HOV lanes for a small fee. Carpooling drivers and certain vehicles that qualify for the HOV lanes can use these lanes for free and do not need a permit. The MTO has implemented a High Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lanes Pilot Project on the QEW, designating existing High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes as HOT lanes on a 16.5 kilometre section (in both directions) between Trafalgar Road in Oakville and Guelph Line in Burlington.
Effective January 1, 2022, MTO is planning to implement an expansion of the HOT Lanes Pilot, by utilizing existing HOV lanes on Highways 410 and 403. This will impact 13.13km in the eastbound direction and 11.91km in the westbound direction on Highway 403 and 10.93km in the northbound direction and 6.99km in the southbound direction on Highway 410. The HOT Lanes Pilot expansion will allow capacity for 500 additional HOT permits to be made available for sale for each three-month term for these new HOT lane corridors (250 HOT permits for each corridor). A single permit that you purchase will be valid on all HOT lane corridors.
Where can these lanes be found?
The HOT lanes can be found on:
- 16.5 km of the QEW, in both directions, from Trafalgar Road in Oakville to Guelph Line in Burlington
- Highway 410 approximately 11 km in the northbound direction and 7 km in the southbound direction between Eglinton Avenue to Clark Boulevard on Highway 410
- Highway 403 approximately 13 km in the eastbound direction and 12 km in the westbound direction between the Highway 407 interchange to Highway 401
- Highway 427, from south of Highway 409 to north of Rutherford Road, a distance of approximately 15.5 kilometres.
The toll lanes will only apply to the HOV lanes already in place. There are no plans to reduce the number of lanes available to all other drivers, known as the “general purpose lanes”. General purpose lanes will remain free to use by all drivers. Fees to use the HOT lanes only apply to single drivers that will otherwise not be eligible to use the HOV lanes.
What are the benefits of High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lanes?
There are at least five ways HOT lanes can help traffic troubles across the entire Greater Toronto/Hamilton Area:
- A network of HOT lanes has the potential to benefit everyone because it is a reliable option for days when we are in a hurry.
- HOT lanes help those riding buses by reducing their travel time and improving transit commute reliability. This will encourage more people to ride the GO bus, and taking those drivers off the road will also improve congestion.
- HOT lanes assist those carpooling, perhaps even more than HOV lanes. With a HOT lane, even if your carpooling buddy cancels at the last minute, you can still pay for its use to make it to work on time.
- HOT lanes provide a boost to every driver because total highway capacity increases, ensuring that the lane is more fully used. When too many cars are jostling over too little road space, traffic jams increase, reducing highway capacity, typically by 10-25%. By adjusting the toll to keep the HOT lanes better utilized, we are able to improve traffic for all commuters.
- Improvements to transportation infrastructure and services can be made using the revenue that the HOT lanes generate.
Who is eligible to use these lanes in Ontario?
Similar to the HOV stipulations, there are accessibility limits to the HOT lanes:
- Vehicles with a HOT permit (including single drivers)
- Vehicles with two or more people
- Vehicles with green licence plates
- Emergency vehicles
- Licensed taxis and airport limousines
Currently, there are 1,350 permits available during each term of the pilot. Permits are valid for three months and will cost a total of $180, or $60 per month. You can automatically renew it twice before you have to reapply. A single HOT lane permit is valid in all HOT lane locations.
How to apply for a HOT lane permit
To apply for a permit for the January 1, 2023 – March 31, 2023 term, the Ministry will be accepting applications from November 1, 2022 – November 30, 2022. To ensure fairness, HOT lane permits will be available through a draw. In order to qualify, you must:
- Apply online where you will be assigned a random number.
- The Ministry of Transportation (MTO) will use these numbers to randomly select permit holders in the draw.
- You will be notified via email about the results.
- If chosen, you can purchase your HOT lane permit online after you receive the email.
- You will receive permit stickers in the mail to attach to your vehicle.
- You must display permits on the inside of the front driver’s side windshield and outside of the rear windshield on the passenger’s side.
If you are unsuccessful, you can apply again for the draw in the future. Applications are being accepted every February, May, August and November during the pilot. To learn more about eligibility, please click here.
What are the fines for misuse?
High Occupancy Toll permits can be used by eligible single occupant vehicles to access HOV lanes. If you are using the HOT lanes without permission, you may receive a fine or receive a penalty. There are two options for issuing penalties:
- HOV offence – the penalty for improper HOV lane use is a fine of $110 and three demerit points.
- Pilot offence – a fine of not less than $250 and not more than $2,500.
Adding HOT lanes has the potential to better manage traffic congestion. These lanes encourage carpooling and other transit alternatives. Additionally, HOT lanes offer drivers that travel alone the opportunity to take advantage of a shorter drive time. In the end, the opportunity to have a quicker commute should be reason enough to get behind the implementation of High Occupancy Toll lanes in Ontario.